The majority of the horses and ponies that live here work and are nearly all stallions. This is a cultural thing since the locals believe that the males are better for work and the females have babies. The horses are mostly bred in Bali and Lombok, although some come from farther away islands such as Sumba and Sumbawa. A few horses on each island are used for riding, either by private owners or for rides offered to tourists on the beach. The horses stay in stables which are made of wood, bamboo and/or occasionally concrete. There isn’t any pasture or real paddocks available on the islands. Many of the horses are simply tied to trees or poles due to the lack of proper housing being available. They are fed a mixed quality fresh grass hay imported form Lombok and imported rice bran mixed with water. Most are now offered fresh water which is quite expensive to purchase, (we provide free fresh water refills for any owners who cannot afford to purchase fresh water) and this is why a few still drink salty or brackish water, and that in the past nearly all drank this. (Many horses used to be lost to kidney disease). These are not really the best diets for horses long term and can lead to vitamin and calcium deficiencies. To combat this we import limited quantities of a pelleted horse feed, and vitamin and mineral supplements which we sell at a low cost to the owners. We also give vitamin injections to every horse we are able to see at the clinics or in between times for other issues.